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"Help is there with the push of a button or the pull of a tag"...

In the ever-evolving landscape of healthcare technology, Real-Time Location Systems (RTLS) have emerged as a cornerstone for enhancing hospital safety and operational efficiency. Particularly in the context of mobile duress—a scenario where an individual is in distress and unable to seek help through conventional means—RTLS technology stands out as a critical solution. By enabling the precise tracking of medical staff and patients within healthcare facilities, RTLS systems play a pivotal role in swiftly managing emergencies and improving overall safety measures.

Here we delve into the sophisticated world of RTLS, focusing on three cutting-edge technologies: AiRISTA Flow's Wi-Fi RTLS, Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS, and Actall's 2.4 GHz and LoRaWAN RTLS technology. Each of these systems offers unique benefits and possibilities for enhancing safety and efficiency in healthcare settings, addressing the urgent need for a reliable mobile duress solution.

Whether you're a hospital administrator, a tech professional in healthcare, or simply someone interested in healthcare innovations or RTLS in general, understanding the role of RTLS in mobile duress situations is essential for navigating the future of hospital safety.

Understanding RTLS and Mobile Duress

At the heart of it, a Real-Time Location System (RTLS) is a technology employing diverse methods like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), or 2.4 GHz and LoRaWAN to identify and monitor the whereabouts of objects or individuals within a specified area instantly. In healthcare settings, RTLS solutions provide numerous functionalities, including asset and inventory management, patient tracking and supervision, environmental monitoring, compliance with hand hygiene protocols, optimising patient flow, and guaranteeing the safety and whereabouts of both patients and staff.

RTLS-based Mobile duress systems provide a lifeline for healthcare workers who may find themselves in dangerous or threatening situations. With the press of a button or the pull of a tag, staff can alert security personnel to their exact location, enabling a rapid response. This functionality is not just about addressing emergencies; it's a proactive approach to creating a safer work environment, where staff can perform their duties knowing help is just a press of a button or the pull of a tag away.

The integration of RTLS-based mobile duress systems transforms the abstract concept of safety into a tangible and actionable reality. In emergencies, seconds count. The ability of RTLS to pinpoint the exact location of a distress signal can mean the difference between a swift, successful intervention and a delayed response with potentially serious consequences.

As we explore the technological underpinnings and benefits of RTLS for mobile duress in hospitals, it's clear that this innovation is not just about leveraging technology for the sake of advancement. It's about harnessing these tools to make a meaningful difference in the lives of those who work and receive care in healthcare settings.

Technological Foundations of RTLS in Healthcare

The implementation of RTLS in hospitals is not a one-size-fits-all solution. It involves a nuanced understanding of the various technologies available and how they can be tailored to meet the unique needs of each healthcare environment. Here, we explore three leading RTLS technologies: AiRISTA Flow's Wi-Fi RTLS, Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS, and Actall's 2.4 GHz and LoRaWAN RTLS, each offering distinct advantages for mobile duress applications.


AiRISTA Flow's Wi-Fi RTLS technology utilises the current Wi-Fi infrastructure in hospitals to monitor the location of devices and individuals. This method requires a high-density RTLS-grade Wi-Fi network deployed and will require the necessity for extra Wi-Fi hardware investments. Wi-Fi RTLS systems excel at offering accuracy at the room level, which is vital for efficient mobile duress applications.

The benefits of AiRISTA Flow's Wi-Fi RTLS include:

  • Seamless Integration: Utilises existing Wi-Fi networks, facilitating easier and quicker implementation.

  • Scalability: Easily scales to cover large hospital complexes, accommodating the dynamic nature of healthcare environments.

  • Versatility: Supports a wide range of applications beyond mobile duress, including asset tracking and environmental monitoring.

Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS

Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS technology represents a leap forward in precision tracking, utilising Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) signals for high accuracy and low power consumption. Quuppa's approach allows for real-time tracking with sub-meter accuracy, making it incredibly effective for pinpointing the exact location of a staff member in duress.

Key advantages of Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS include:

  • Precision: Offers highly accurate location tracking, essential for timely responses in duress situations.

  • Energy Efficiency: BLE devices are known for their low energy consumption, extending the battery life of personal duress alarms.

  • Customizability: Allows for a high degree of customization to fit the specific layout and requirements of a healthcare facility.

Actall's 2.4 GHz and LoRaWAN RTLS

Actall's RTLS solutions utilise both 2.4 GHz signals and LoRaWAN technology to provide reliable, wide-area coverage within healthcare and complex architecture settings. This dual-technology approach ensures that coverage extends even to the more challenging areas, such as basements and thick-walled sections of hospitals, where other signals might falter.

The benefits of Actall's RTLS technology include:

  • Wide Coverage: Ensures comprehensive coverage across all areas of a hospital, including traditionally hard-to-reach locations.

  • Long Range: LoRaWAN technology supports long-range communications, reducing the need for numerous repeaters or base stations.

  • Durability: Devices designed for healthcare settings are robust and capable of operating in a variety of environmental conditions.

Implementing RTLS for Mobile Duress: Challenges and Considerations

While the benefits of RTLS technologies in healthcare settings are clear, the path to successful implementation comes with its set of challenges. Understanding these obstacles and considering strategic approaches is crucial for hospitals aiming to leverage RTLS for mobile duress effectively.

Infrastructure and Cost Concerns

One of the primary challenges faced by healthcare facilities is the infrastructure and cost associated with deploying RTLS technologies. Upgrading or installing new systems can be expensive, particularly for large hospital complexes. For Wi-Fi-based RTLS, while leveraging existing networks can reduce costs, it will still require significant updates to ensure accuracy and reliability as most hospital networks have only data-grade Wi-Fi networks. Meanwhile, technologies like BLE5.1 and LoRaWAN might necessitate the installation of additional hardware, such as beacons and gateways.

 Strategies for Mitigation:

  • Conduct a thorough cost-benefit analysis to understand the long-term savings and efficiencies RTLS can bring.

  • Explore phased implementation strategies to spread out costs over time.

  • Seek partnerships with technology providers for pilot programs or financial incentives.

  • Engage an expert RTLS consultant or consulting company to help navigate the right solution for your requirements.

Technical and Operational Training

Implementing an RTLS system is not just a technical challenge; it also requires significant operational changes. Staff need to be trained not only on how to use the system and devices but also on new protocols and processes that come with the adoption of RTLS for mobile duress. Ensuring smooth adoption and minimizing resistance requires comprehensive training and change management strategies.

Strategies for Mitigation:

  • Develop extensive training programs that cater to different levels of tech-savviness among hospital staff.

  • Involve staff in the planning and implementation process to garner buy-in and address concerns early on.

  • Create a feedback loop where staff can report issues or suggest improvements to the RTLS deployment.

Privacy and Data Security

With any technology that tracks location in real-time, privacy and data security emerge as significant concerns. Ensuring that staff and patient data are protected is paramount, requiring robust security measures to prevent unauthorised access to sensitive information.

Strategies for Mitigation:

  • Implement end-to-end encryption and secure data storage solutions to protect location data.

  • Develop clear policies on who can access RTLS data and under what circumstances.

  • Regularly review and update security protocols to address emerging threats and vulnerabilities.

Future Prospects of RTLS Technologies in Enhancing Hospital Safety Measures

The future of RTLS in healthcare looks promising, with continuous advancements in technology paving the way for even more sophisticated applications. Emerging trends, such as the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) for predictive analytics and the use of RTLS data to enhance patient care protocols, are set to redefine how hospitals approach safety and efficiency. As RTLS technologies become more accessible and cost-effective, the adoption is expected to grow, offering new opportunities for improving the healthcare environment for staff and patients alike.


The integration of Real-Time Location Systems (RTLS) in healthcare settings, particularly for mobile duress scenarios, represents a significant leap forward in ensuring the safety of both staff and patients. As we've explored throughout this article, technologies like AiRISTA Flow's Wi-Fi RTLS, Quuppa's BLE5.1 RTLS, and Actall's 2.4 GHz and LoRaWAN RTLS offer innovative solutions to age-old challenges in hospital safety and operational efficiency. These systems not only enable quick response to emergencies but also foster a safer, more secure environment for healthcare professionals to deliver care.

The benefits of RTLS extend beyond emergency response. They encompass operational efficiencies, such as improved asset management and workflow optimisation, which can significantly reduce costs and enhance patient care quality and provide a positive return on your RTLS investment.

Looking ahead, the future of RTLS in healthcare is bright, marked by continual advancements in technology and deeper integration into hospital safety and efficiency protocols. The potential for leveraging data analytics and AI to predict and prevent emergencies before they occur is particularly promising. As RTLS technologies become more sophisticated and accessible, their role in transforming healthcare environments is set to expand, offering new opportunities to improve safety, efficiency, and the overall quality of care.

The journey toward comprehensive RTLS implementation in hospitals is an ongoing process of innovation, adaptation, and collaboration. For hospital administrators, tech professionals, and all stakeholders involved in healthcare delivery, embracing RTLS technology represents a commitment to advancing healthcare safety and operational excellence. As you continue to navigate the complexities of modern healthcare, the strategic integration of RTLS technologies offers a path forward, promising a future where healthcare environments are not only safer but also more responsive to the needs of those they serve.

For more details on RTLS technology, feel free to reach out!


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